The Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act (IDEIA) was enacted to ensure that all children with disabilities have available to them a free and appropriate public education that emphasizes special education and related services. It is further designed to meet their unique needs and prepare them for employment and independent living. To achieve this purpose, the federal government provides funds to states and local agencies to implement IDEIA, on the condition that such states and local agencies comply with its substantive and procedural requirements.
What does this mean for you and your child? If your child has been diagnosed with a disability that impacts his/her ability to learn, then he or she may have a right to a "free and appropriate" public education as guaranteed by the IDEIA.